CLIMATE AND WEATHER Nigeria lies entirely within the tropics yet there are wide climactic variations.In general, there are two seasons, dry and wet, throughout Nigeria.Nigeria has the largest population of any country in Africa (about 120 million), and the greatest diversity of cultures, ways of life, cities and terrain. Nigeria shares its international border of 4,470 km (2513 mi.) with four neighbors: Chad, Cameroon, Benin, and Niger.Until 1989 the capital was Lagos, with a population of about 2,500,000, but the government recently moved the capital to Abuja.The empire moved from Kanem to Borno, hence the name.
Because of these conflicts, the Fulanis, led by Usman Dan Fodio in 1804, successfully challenged the Hausa States and set up the Hausa-Fulani Caliphate with headquarters in Sokoto, commanding a broad area from Katsina in the far north to Ilorin, across the River Niger.There are also museums, festivals, music and dance, a rich cultural melange right down to everyday traditional markets. mi.) Nigeria is the 14th largest country in Africa.These are just some of the spectacular sights and sensual delights awaiting the traveler to Nigeria. Its coastline, on the Gulf of Guinea, stretches 774 km (480 mi.).Internal power struggles and the Fulani expansion to the south caused the collapse of Oyo in the early 19th Century.Benin: Benin developed into a major kingdom during the same period that Oyo was becoming dominant to the west.